Parents who divorce are faced with many decisions about how their children will be cared for post-separation. Divorce attorneys and divorce mediators have different approaches when helping clients formulate custodial care plans.
Divorce attorneys often focus on:
(1) The type of custody a client wants for him or herself (e.g. sole custody, primary custody); and
(2) Winning that custody for the client through strategic legal maneuvering and traditional bargaining tactics.
Divorce mediators tend to focus on:
(1) Formulating mutually agreeable parenting arrangements that are best suited to the child’s needs; and
(2) Assigning “legal labels” (e.g. primary custody, shared custody) to the the parenting arrangements only after the custody decisions are determined.
KEY CONSIDERATIONS FOR CHILD CUSTODY DECISION MAKING
Until parties truly understand how their children will process and handle their parents’ divorce, child custody decisions need to be approached with great caution and sensitivity to the child’s basic need for:
(1) affection from both parents;
(2) bonding time with both parents;
(3) enough time to experience both parents’ influence and role modeling;
(4) routine and structure; and
(5) a sense of rootedness (home, school, community).
WHY CHOOSE A DIVORCE MEDIATOR?
- Child Centered. Divorce Mediation is child-centered and consists, primarily, of neutral facilitation of parents’ discussions and creative problem solving.
- No Games. There are no games or intimidation tactics that are usually employed by divorce lawyers.
- Confidential. Everything in mediation is confidential. This allows parents, without the concern of “blowing their legal strategy”, to speak freely and honestly.
- Everything on the table. Mediation encourages comprehensive conversations about their child and how best to parent him or her in the unsurprisingly complex two-home structure necessitated by divorce.
- Cooperation. Mediators are skilled at nurturing cooperation between parents.
- Perspective. In mediation, parents are usually able to see disputed custody issues from various perspectives. Usually, both parents have good ideas to share.
- Information & Knowledge. Experienced mediators have practical information and empirical knowledge to help clients make decisions on behalf of their child that both parents are comfortable with.
WHEN IS IT BEST TO CHOOSE A DIVORCE ATTORNEY OVER A DIVORCE MEDIATOR
- Abuse. Where there is a history of child abuse (physical or sexual) or domestic violence, parties are usually better off having the protection of the Courts and a divorce lawyer right from the start.
- Not living in reality. Parents who are mentally ill or have a personality disorder such that they cannot distinguish reality from fantasy are not good candidates for mediation. They need a divorce lawyer to advocate on their behalf.
- Punishment. Parents who are adamant that they want their child’s other parent punished – and believe that the Courts will do that for them (which they almost always do not do) – need to hire a lawyer. Mediation is not punishment-oriented.
- Need to win. Some parties need to win. Cooperation and mutually agreeable decision-making is not for everyone. Parties who believe they are dead “right” with regard to what is best for their child in every way, and that the other parent is “wrong” on those matters, need to hire a divorce attorney. Most mediators don’t think in terms of “winning” when it comes to children.
CHOOSING A MEDIATOR STYLE
There are as many styles of mediation as there are mediators. If you choose mediation as your method of determining the parenting arrangements for your child post separation/divorce, make sure you are comfortable with the mediator’s approach and style. Talk with him or her a while before committing to your first mediation session. Ask questions. A good mediator will be happy to ensure that both parents are comfortable with the process and that the personalities make a good fit before setting the first session date.
This blog and its materials have been prepared by Graine Mediation for informational purposes only and are not intended to be, are not, and should not be regarded as, legal advice. This information is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. Internet subscribers and online readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.